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    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Speciation: How predictable is genome evolution?

    Matthew J Coathup et al.
    Similar patterns of genomic divergence have been observed in the evolution of plant species separated by oceans.
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    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Oxygen Sensors: When is a target not a target?

    David C Bersten, Daniel J Peet
    Cells rely on prolyl hydroxylase enzymes to sense low levels of oxygen, but they might act on fewer targets than previously thought.
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    1. Neuroscience

    Spatial Navigation: A question of scale

    Muireann Irish, Siddharth Ramanan
    An fMRI experiment reveals distinct brain regions that respond in a graded manner as humans process distance information across increasing spatial scales.
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    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Physiology: The highs and lows of bird flight

    Jon Harrison
    Bar-headed geese lower their flight metabolic rates to fly in low-oxygen conditions.
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    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Host-Pathogen Interactions: What makes the hepatitis C virus evolve?

    Thomas R O'Brien et al.
    Polymorphisms in the IFNL4 gene that affect both the form and the activity of the coded protein are associated with changes in the hepatitis C virus.
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    1. Neuroscience

    Brain Evolution: Adaptations to extreme conditions

    Barbara S Beltz
    The brain architecture of shrimp living in deep-sea vents provides clues to how these organisms have adapted to extreme living.
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    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Spermatogenesis: A hotspot for new genes

    Anne-Marie Dion-Côté
    Single-cell RNA-sequencing in fruit flies gives an unprecedented picture of how new genes are expressed during the formation of sperm.
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    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Aging: A new defense in the battle of the sexes

    George L Sutphin
    Young Caenorhabditis elegans hermaphrodites use their own sperm to protect against the negative consequences of mating.
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    1. Neuroscience

    Decision Making: Remembering to choose the future

    Lesley K Fellows
    A brain region known as the hippocampus is required when people assess different options before making a value-based choice.
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    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Cell Signaling: Learning from ancestors

    Suk ho Hong, Neel H Shah
    Applying ancestral sequence reconstruction techniques to protein kinases reveals the mutations that underlie different modes of activation.
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