240 results found
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Neuroscience

    The LIM protein complex establishes a retinal circuitry of visual adaptation by regulating Pax6 α-enhancer activity

    Yeha Kim et al.
    Regulation of Pax6 expression through the α-enhancer fine-tunes amacrine cell subtype number, and consequently, the visual output of the retina.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Neuroscience

    Structural basis for subtype-specific inhibition of the P2X7 receptor

    Akira Karasawa, Toshimitsu Kawate
    Crystal structures of a mammalian P2X7 receptor and structure-based functional studies reveal a novel drug-binding site and subtype-specific conformational rearrangements required for channel opening.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Neuroscience

    Re-evaluation of neuronal P2X7 expression using novel mouse models and a P2X7-specific nanobody

    Karina Kaczmarek-Hajek et al.
    A novel BAC transgenic mouse model reveals glial restriction of P2X7 expression in the central and peripheral nervous systems.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    PAX3-FOXO1 transgenic zebrafish models identify HES3 as a mediator of rhabdomyosarcoma tumorigenesis

    Genevieve C Kendall et al.
    The basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor, HES3, acts downstream of the PAX3-FOXO1 fusion oncogene to impair muscle differentiation and promote tumorigenesis in rhabdomyosarcoma, a childhood muscle cancer.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    PAX8 regulon in human ovarian cancer links lineage dependency with epigenetic vulnerability to HDAC inhibitors

    Kaixuan Shi et al.
    A functional ovarian-specific PAX8-centric regulon is susceptible to FDA-approved HDAC inhibitors, providing the rationale to target human cancers driven by lineage-survival oncogenes with epigenetic therapeutics perturbing the enhancer topology.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    BRAF activates PAX3 to control muscle precursor cell migration during forelimb muscle development

    Jaeyoung Shin et al.
    Genetic and biochemical approaches identify a new component of the cellular signaling machinery driving migration of limb muscle precursor cells during mouse embryogenesis and reveal the underlying molecular mechanism.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Neuroscience

    The P2X7 receptor forms a dye-permeable pore independent of its intracellular domain but dependent on membrane lipid composition

    Akira Karasawa et al.
    Functional reconstitution of a mammalian P2X7 receptor uncovers an intrinsic and lipid-dependent dye-permeable membrane pore.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Eyeless uncouples mushroom body neuroblast proliferation from dietary amino acids in Drosophila

    Conor W Sipe, Sarah E Siegrist
    Using Drosophila as a model organism shows that neural stem cell proliferation decisions in response to dietary nutrient conditions can be regulated by cell-autonomous lineage factors.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Dynamic transcriptional signature and cell fate analysis reveals plasticity of individual neural plate border cells

    Daniela Roellig et al.
    The vertebrate neural plate border is comprised of precursors that coexpress multiple lineage markers and small changes in their levels can bias border cell fate.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Temporal identity establishes columnar neuron morphology, connectivity, and function in a Drosophila navigation circuit

    Luis F Sullivan et al.
    The Eyeless/Pax6 temporal transcription factor generates neuronal identity, connectivity, and flight navigation behavior within the conserved adult brain structure called the central complex.

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