66 results found
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Acetylation of histone H3 at lysine 64 regulates nucleosome dynamics and facilitates transcription

    Vincenzo Di Cerbo et al.
    The acetylation of histones at specific sites close to DNA can regulate transcription.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Evolutionary loss of foot muscle during development with characteristics of atrophy and no evidence of cell death

    Mai P Tran et al.
    Evolutionary loss of foot muscle in a bipedal rodent shares similarities with skeletal muscle atrophy, which is typically considered a pathological response to injury or disease.
    1. Neuroscience

    UP-DOWN cortical dynamics reflect state transitions in a bistable network

    Daniel Jercog et al.
    Population cortical recordings and computational network modeling support a novel mechanism underlying spontaneous UP-DOWN dynamics consisting on non-rhythmic transitions between a silent attractor and a low-rate inhibition-stabilized attractor.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Quantifying antibiotic impact on within-patient dynamics of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase resistance

    Rene Niehus et al.
    A data-driven within-host model reveals that different antibiotics are associated with divergent effects on antibiotic resistance carriage and abundance in hospitalised patients, with important implications for antibiotic stewardship.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Secondary ossification center induces and protects growth plate structure

    Meng Xie et al.
    The principle underlying the appearance of the growth plate, an organ responsible for longitudinal growth, has implications for various cartilage pathologies including growth abnormalities in children, trauma and osteoarthritis.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    Modular transcriptional programs separately define axon and dendrite connectivity

    Yerbol Z Kurmangaliyev et al.
    Diverse morphologies of Drosophila T4/T5 neuronal subtypes are defined by the modular assembly of transcriptional programs for distinct wiring features.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Enforcement of developmental lineage specificity by transcription factor Oct1

    Zuolian Shen et al.
    Oct1 replaces Oct4 at critical targets shortly after ESC differentiation to promote expression of lineage-specific genes and repress lineage-inappropriate genes.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Dzip1 and Fam92 form a ciliary transition zone complex with cell type specific roles in Drosophila

    Jean-André Lapart et al.
    Genetic analyses in Drosophila establish the functional hierarchy of the ciliary transition zone module, Dzip1/Fam92/Cby, and reveal tissue specific variations in basal body anchoring pathways in fly ciliated tissues.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Stress-activated MAPK signaling controls fission yeast actomyosin ring integrity by modulating formin For3 levels

    Elisa Gómez-Gil et al.
    Microscopic and biochemical analysis show that the stress-activated MAP kinase pathway targets the formin For3 to modulate actomyosin ring integrity in response to environmental cues.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Flotillin-mediated membrane fluidity controls peptidoglycan synthesis and MreB movement

    Aleksandra Zielińska et al.
    Correct cell wall synthesis in bacteria depends on flotillin-mediated membrane fluidity.

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