340 results found
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Neuroscience

    Microbiota regulates visceral pain in the mouse

    Pauline Luczynski et al.
    Determining that microbiota-deficient mice have increased visceral pain, which can be reversed by restoring microbiota, may lead to novel microbial-based strategies for disorders associated with visceral pain.
    1. Ecology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Metabolite exchange between microbiome members produces compounds that influence Drosophila behavior

    Caleb N Fischer et al.
    Interactions between fungal and bacterial microbiome members alter Drosophila melanogaster's chemical environment, affecting host behavior and survival.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The microbiota protects from viral-induced neurologic damage through microglia-intrinsic TLR signaling

    D Garrett Brown et al.
    Immune stimulation from the microbiota prevents neurological damage associated with viral infection of the central nervous system.
    1. Neuroscience

    Microbiota-driven transcriptional changes in prefrontal cortex override genetic differences in social behavior

    Mar Gacias et al.
    Gut microbiota can influence mPFC transcriptional profiles and myelin content, overriding the impact of genetic background in the development of social avoidance behavior.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Adjusting for age improves identification of gut microbiome alterations in multiple diseases

    Tarini S Ghosh et al.
    A multi-cohort analysis of 2,500 gut microbiomes and five major diseases discovers that disease-microbiome associations display specific age-centric trends, with diseases characterized by age-centric trends of species gain/loss.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    High fat diet induces microbiota-dependent silencing of enteroendocrine cells

    Lihua Ye et al.
    Enteroendocrine cells sense nutrients in the gut and regulate digestive physiology but are rendered insensitive following fat ingestion due to alteration of gut microbiota.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    B cell receptor and Toll-like receptor signaling coordinate to control distinct B-1 responses to both self and the microbiota

    Lieselotte SM Kreuk et al.
    Microbial-sensing TLRs drive responses to the microbiota, while nucleic-acid sensing TLRs control responses to endogenous ligands, revealing novel regulation of B-1a responses through integrated BCR/TLR mediated activation.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Metabolic network percolation quantifies biosynthetic capabilities across the human oral microbiome

    David B Bernstein et al.
    A novel metabolic network analysis method enables large-scale computational predictions of biosynthetic capabilities across the human oral microbiome, revealing a unique cluster of fastidious microorganisms and potential metabolic interdependencies.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A phylogenetic transform enhances analysis of compositional microbiota data

    Justin D Silverman et al.
    The PhILR transform uses an evolutionary model to overcome statistical challenges associated with microbiota surveys.
    1. Ecology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Social networks predict gut microbiome composition in wild baboons

    Jenny Tung et al.
    Social interactions can have a direct effect on the composition of the gut microbiome in wild primates.

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