The microbiome encompasses all the microorganisms within a specific environmental niche, ranging from animal guts to plant root systems. Its investigation has important implications for the study of disease and behaviour.
To highlight recent advances in the mechanistic understanding of microbiome function, eLife is pleased to present a Special Issue on this topic. This issue presents a collection of highly influential research relating to metagenomics, microbiota, and computational tools, as selected for publication by a specially convened group of experts.
We continue to welcome high-quality research on this topic on an ongoing basis.