102 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Blockade of glucagon signaling prevents or reverses diabetes onset only if residual β-cells persist

    Nicolas Damond et al.
    Contrary to previous reports, a complete absence of glucagon signaling is not sufficient to prevent diabetes after near-total β-cell loss.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Medicine

    MS-275, a class 1 histone deacetylase inhibitor augments glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonism to improve glycemic control and reduce obesity in diet-induced obese mice

    Shilpak Bele et al.
    Class 1 histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor MS-275 enhances the efficacy of glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor (GLP-1R) therapy for glycemic control and reduction of obesity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Regulation of starvation-induced hyperactivity by insulin and glucagon signaling in adult Drosophila

    Yue Yu et al.
    Two functionally antagonizing groups of hormones directly regulate starvation-induced increase in locomotion via a common neural target in fruit flies.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Recreating the synthesis of starch granules in yeast

    Barbara Pfister et al.
    Yeast cells can be engineered to study starch, the semi-crystalline storage carbohydrate from plants that is central to human nutrition.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Diabetes: Partners for life

    Lena Eliasson, Anna Wendt
    Insight
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    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Differential cell autonomous responses determine the outcome of coxsackievirus infections in murine pancreatic α and β cells

    Laura Marroqui et al.
    Pancreatic α and β cells have different cell autonomous signatures; this explains why α but not β cells can clear infections by potentially diabetogenic viruses.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    In vivo reprogramming of pancreatic acinar cells to three islet endocrine subtypes

    Weida Li et al.
    Combinations of transcription factors can convert pancreatic acinar cells into endocrine α-, β- and δ-cells in vivo.
    1. Neuroscience

    POMC neurons expressing leptin receptors coordinate metabolic responses to fasting via suppression of leptin levels

    Alexandre Caron et al.
    A subset of hypothalamic POMC neurons that express leptin receptors control metabolic responses to changing energy availability including regulating blood glucose and leptin levels.
    1. Cell Biology

    A novel checkpoint pathway controls actomyosin ring constriction trigger in fission yeast

    Tomás Edreira et al.
    In fission yeast cell wall stress triggers a cytokinesis blockage specifically in the onset of actomyosin ring constriction.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A conserved bacterial protein induces pancreatic beta cell expansion during zebrafish development

    Jennifer Hampton Hill et al.
    A previously undescribed protein produced by certain resident intestinal bacteria induces zebrafish pancreatic beta cell expansion.

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