1,691 results found
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Paracrine Met signaling triggers epithelial–mesenchymal transition in mammary luminal progenitors, affecting their fate

    Amandine Di-Cicco et al.
    Mammary progenitors identified by a new marker, ICAM-1, undergo epithelial-mesenchymal transition and luminal-to-basal switch in response to paracrine Met activation.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    A cerebellar substrate for cognition evolved multiple times independently in mammals

    Jeroen B Smaers et al.
    Multiple independent directional selection events on a neural substrate that underpins domain-general associative abilities partly explains independent occurrences of complex behavior in different lineages of mammals.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Immune genes are hotspots of shared positive selection across birds and mammals

    Allison J Shultz, Timothy B Sackton
    Pathogens, particularly viruses, target the same genes over deep evolutionary time, resulting in shared signatures of positive selection and transcriptional responses at the same genes.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    A kinematic synergy for terrestrial locomotion shared by mammals and birds

    Giovanna Catavitello et al.
    General principles of the limb segment control for terrestrial locomotion have emerged in evolution and highlight the existence of the laws of biological motion that apply to various animal species.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Reproduction: What is a placental mammal anyway?

    Patrick Abbot, John A Capra
    Many developmental functions in marsupials and eutherian mammals are accomplished by different tissues, but similar genes.
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    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Viruses are a dominant driver of protein adaptation in mammals

    David Enard et al.
    Viruses drive adaptation at the scale of the whole proteome and not only in antiviral proteins in mammalian hosts.
    1. Ecology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Immune-mediated hookworm clearance and survival of a marine mammal decrease with warmer ocean temperatures

    Mauricio Seguel et al.
    In years with colder ocean temperatures, fur seal pups receive more maternal care and have a better energy balance, clearing hookworm infection earlier, which increases their chances of survival.
    1. Ecology

    Mammal communities are larger and more diverse in moderately developed areas

    Arielle Waldstein Parsons et al.
    Citizen science camera trapping showing suburban and wild areas maintain similar levels of mammalian diversity and relative abundance, challenging conventional thoughts about the impacts of urbanization on wildlife.
    1. Neuroscience

    CELF RNA binding proteins promote axon regeneration in C. elegans and mammals through alternative splicing of Syntaxins

    Lizhen Chen et al.
    Genetics and genomics approaches reveal a conserved post-transcriptional regulatory mechanism that promotes adult axon regeneration from worm to mammals.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Evolution-guided functional analyses reveal diverse antiviral specificities encoded by IFIT1 genes in mammals

    Matthew D Daugherty et al.
    Evolutionary innovation and turnover in the IFIT1 antiviral gene family has led to diverse repertoires of antiviral specificity across mammals.

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