Genes and Chromosomes

Genes and Chromosomes

eLife publishes research ranging from transcription and RNA processing to epigenetics and chromatin biology. Decisions are made by journal editors who are active researchers interested in genes and chromosomes.
Illustration by Davide Bonazzi

Latest articles

    1. Cell Biology
    2. Genes and Chromosomes

    E3 ubiquitin ligase Bre1 couples sister chromatid cohesion establishment to DNA replication in Saccharomyces cerevisiae

    Wei Zhang et al.
    E3 ubiquitin ligase Bre1-induced H2B monoubiquitination is epigenetically important for recruiting replication factor Mcm10 and cohesion establishment factors Ctf4, Ctf18 and Eco1 to early replication origins to establish sister chromatid cohesion.
    1. Biophysics and Structural Biology
    2. Genes and Chromosomes

    Nuclear microenvironments modulate transcription from low-affinity enhancers

    Albert Tsai et al.
    Efficient transcription from low-affinity enhancers is driven by nuclear microenvironments of transcription factors.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Genes and Chromosomes

    53BP1 and BRCA1 control pathway choice for stalled replication restart

    Yixi Xu et al.
    53BP1 and BRCA1 antagonistically control a temporal choice of two distinct pathways to restart stalled replication forks in a DNA double stand repair-independent manner.
    1. Genes and Chromosomes

    Independent manipulation of histone H3 modifications in individual nucleosomes reveals the contributions of sister histones to transcription

    Zhen Zhou et al.
    A yeast genetic model for studying the function of sister histones in chromatin dynamics.
    1. Genes and Chromosomes

    RNA polymerase II stalling at pre-mRNA splice sites is enforced by ubiquitination of the catalytic subunit

    Laura Milligan et al.
    Ubiquitination close to the active site of RNAPII occurs in response to RNA processing events and is linked to transcriptional pausing, which is released following Bre5-Ubp3 mediated deubiquitination associated with the nascent transcript.
    1. Genes and Chromosomes

    CRISPRi is not strand-specific at all loci and redefines the transcriptional landscape

    Françoise S Howe et al.
    CRISPR interference (CRISPRi), which uses small guide RNAs to target catalytically dead Cas9 protein to chromatin, disrupts existing transcription units and generates new sites for initiation and termination of transcription on both strands of DNA.
    1. Developmental Biology and Stem Cells
    2. Genes and Chromosomes

    Fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) prime the limb specific Shh enhancer for chromatin changes that balance histone acetylation mediated by E26 transformation-specific (ETS) factors

    Silvia Peluso et al.
    FGF signalling is responsible for priming the developmental enhancer ZRS across the distal limb mesenchyme during development, allowing ETS factors to modulate its activity through balancing histone acetylation.

Highlights

    1. Genes and Chromosomes

    Producing proteins 'just in time'

    A Elizabeth Hildreth, Karen M Arndt
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Genes and Chromosomes

    Silencing repetitive DNA

    Nahid Iglesias, Danesh Moazed

Senior editors

  1. James Manley
    James Manley
    Senior Editor
  2. Kevin Struhl
    Kevin Struhl
    Senior Editor
  3. Jessica Tyler
    Jessica Tyler
    Senior Editor
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