Browse our latest Human Biology and Medicine articles

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    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Comment on 'AIRE-deficient patients harbor unique high-affinity disease-ameliorating autoantibodies'

    Nils Landegren et al.
    We are writing to comment on the study by Meyer et al., 2016 on disease-ameliorating autoantibodies.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    GPIHBP1 expression in gliomas promotes utilization of lipoprotein-derived nutrients

    Xuchen Hu et al.
    The expression of the lipoprotein lipase (LPL) transporter GPIHBP1 in glioma capillaries promotes the LPL-mediated processing of triglyceride-rich lipoproteins, thereby providing lipid nutrients for glioma cells.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Fusion pore regulation by cAMP/Epac2 controls cargo release during insulin exocytosis

    Alenka Guček et al.
    Live cell imaging shows that the cAMP-sensor Epac2, a target of major antidiabetic drugs, is central to fusion pore control during insulin granule exocytosis.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    PI3K-Yap activity drives cortical gyrification and hydrocephalus in mice

    Achira Roy et al.
    Embryonic PI3K-Yap activity regulates apical adhesion and proliferation of neural progenitors lining the lateral ventricular surface, to maintain the smooth, non-folded mouse brain and to prevent developmental hydrocephalus.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Gene-centric functional dissection of human genetic variation uncovers regulators of hematopoiesis

    Satish K Nandakumar et al.
    A gene-centric functional screen uncovers biological mechanisms underlying genome-wide association study signals for human red blood cell traits.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Non-selective inhibition of inappropriate motor-tendencies during response-conflict by a fronto-subthalamic mechanism

    Jan R Wessel et al.
    Action-selection under response-conflict is buttressed by an inhibitory control signal from the basal ganglia that non-selectively suppresses motor excitability.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    A consensus guide to capturing the ability to inhibit actions and impulsive behaviors in the stop-signal task

    Frederick Verbruggen et al.
    Clear guidelines and open-source software resources are provided for the stop-signal task, in order to streamline the use of this important tool, and to thereby increase its validity and reliability.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    In-depth human plasma proteome analysis captures tissue proteins and transfer of protein variants across the placenta

    Maria Pernemalm et al.
    Comprehensive mass spectrometry analysis of human plasma proteome reveals tissue leakage proteins, describes variability between individual plasma proteomes and demonstrates protein transfer across the placenta during pregnancy.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    HIF-1α regulates IL-1β and IL-17 in sarcoidosis

    Jaya Talreja et al.
    Sarcoidosis, a granulomatous disease characterized by macrophage and T-cell activation, is found to be associated with increased HIF-1α transcriptional activity, and modulation of HIF-1α regulates inflammatory immune responses.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Alcoholism gender differences in brain responsivity to emotional stimuli

    Kayle S Sawyer et al.
    Neuroimaging shows brain responses to emotional pictures are more diminished in alcoholic men than in alcoholic women, implicating gender-related mechanisms of addiction.