Browse our latest Human Biology and Medicine articles

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    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Insulin regulates POMC neuronal plasticity to control glucose metabolism

    Garron T Dodd et al.
    Feeding and fasting associated alterations in proopiomelanocortin neuronal responses to insulin coordinate glucose metabolism.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine

    Identification of functionally distinct fibro-inflammatory and adipogenic stromal subpopulations in visceral adipose tissue of adult mice

    Chelsea Hepler et al.
    Fibro-inflammatory progenitors represent a subpopulation of perivascular cells in visceral adipose tissues of mice that promote inflammation and fibrosis.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    The cargo receptor SURF4 promotes the efficient cellular secretion of PCSK9

    Brian T Emmer et al.
    A CRISPR-based genomic screen identifies the ER cargo receptor SURF4 as a key determinant in the secretion of PCSK9, a protein that regulates human cholesterol levels and cardiovascular disease risk.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Prognostication of chronic disorders of consciousness using brain functional networks and clinical characteristics

    Ming Song et al.
    Behavioral, pharmacological, optogenetic, electrophysiological and computational analyses suggest that the anterior dorsal striatum is a causal node in the network responsible for evidence accumulation.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Tumor copy number alteration burden is a pan-cancer prognostic factor associated with recurrence and death

    Haley Hieronymus et al.
    The percentage of a tumor’s genome with alterations in copy number is correlated with increased mortality across a range of tumor types and can be measured using a clinically approved sequencing assay.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine

    Palovarotene reduces heterotopic ossification in juvenile FOP mice but exhibits pronounced skeletal toxicity

    John B Lees-Shepard et al.
    Daily palovarotene treatment reduces pathogenic expansion of fibro/adipogenic progenitors but results in long bone growth plate loss and overgrowths of synovial cartilage in juvenile mice.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Prolonged cross-bridge binding triggers muscle dysfunction in a Drosophila model of myosin-based hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

    William A Kronert et al.
    Integrative analysis of a Drosophila model of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy demonstrates that prolonged binding of the myosin cross-bridge to actin is a root cause of the disorder.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Muscle Contraction: Too much of a good thing

    H Lee Sweeney
    A mutation that causes heart disease in humans increases the number of active myosin heads during contraction in the muscles of fruit flies, leading to the progressive dysfunction of the flight muscles and heart tube.
    Insight
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    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Non-invasive imaging of CSF-mediated brain clearance pathways via assessment of perivascular fluid movement with diffusion tensor MRI

    Ian F Harrison et al.
    The first non-invasive technique to assess the action of brain clearance mechanisms, driven by the perivascular inflow of cerebrospinal fluid, has been developed using magnetic resonance imaging.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Unexpected similarities between C9ORF72 and sporadic forms of ALS/FTD suggest a common disease mechanism

    Erin G Conlon et al.
    Idiopathic patients along a complex motor neuron disease-dementia spectrum exhibit mRNA splicing changes that are due to multi-protein insolubility.