3,995 results found
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Science Forum: Viral factors in influenza pandemic risk assessment

    Marc Lipsitch et al.
    We identify key strengths and limitations in use of viral genotyping and phenotyping to estimate pandemic risk from influenza A viruses, focusing on 3 traits, hemagglutinin binding specificity, hemagglutinin pH of activation, and polymerase complex efficiency.
    1. Ecology

    Extinction risk and conservation of the world’s sharks and rays

    Nicholas K Dulvy et al.
    One-quarter of the Chondrichthyes have an elevated risk of extinction, mainly as a result of overfishing.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    An atlas of polygenic risk score associations to highlight putative causal relationships across the human phenome

    Tom G Richardson et al.
    A resource to systematically explore the association between overall genetic risk for 162 risk factors and disease with 551 outcomes.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Risk factors for asthma among schoolchildren who participated in a case-control study in urban Uganda

    Harriet Mpairwe et al.
    Asthma risk among schoolchildren increases depending on area of residence in early life, from rural to town to city, and this risk increases further with other known risk factors.
    1. Neuroscience

    DYT1 dystonia increases risk taking in humans

    David Arkadir et al.
    Patients with DYT1 dystonia show aberrant risk-aversion in a simple decision-making task, in accordance with predictions of a reinforcement learning model of corticostriatal trial-and-error learning.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    RISC-interacting clearing 3’- 5’ exoribonucleases (RICEs) degrade uridylated cleavage fragments to maintain functional RISC in Arabidopsis thaliana

    Zhonghui Zhang et al.
    AGO protein-interacting exoribonucleases clear RNA induced silencing complex (RISC)-resulting 5' cleavage products in time to recycle RISC and miRNAs.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Stepwise nucleosome translocation by RSC remodeling complexes

    Bryan T Harada et al.
    Single molecule FRET reveals that the SWI/SNF-family remodeling enzyme RSC translocates nucleosomes along the DNA in steps of ~1-2 base pairs in size.
    1. Neuroscience

    Primate prefrontal neurons signal economic risk derived from the statistics of recent reward experience

    Fabian Grabenhorst et al.
    Neurons in prefrontal cortex track the variance of experienced rewards to guide economic decisions.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    The chromatin remodelers RSC and ISW1 display functional and chromatin-based promoter antagonism

    Timothy J Parnell et al.
    A combination of genetics, expression, genomic localization, and genomic nucleosome profiling demonstrates antagonism between two chromatin remodelers that reveal different mechanisms at different promoter architectures.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    p16 deficiency attenuates intervertebral disc degeneration by adjusting oxidative stress and nucleus pulposus cell cycle

    Hui Che et al.
    A novel IVDD mechanism that involves p16 is demonstrated and theoretical evidence is provided for effective methods to downregulate p16 and so reverse IVDD.

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