1,139 results found
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Sustained TNF-α stimulation leads to transcriptional memory that greatly enhances signal sensitivity and robustness

    Zuodong Zhao et al.
    Sustained TNF-α induction consolidates transcriptional memory for faster, stronger, and more sensitive subsequent induction in an active DNA demethylation-dependent manner for memory genes including CALCB, a therapeutic target for migraine.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    iTAP, a novel iRhom interactor, controls TNF secretion by policing the stability of iRhom/TACE

    Ioanna Oikonomidi et al.
    Secretion of the inflammatory cytokine TNF requires a protein called iTAP/FrmD8, which controls the cell surface stability of the TNF shedding machinery, iRhom2 and TACE/ADAM17.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    CARD14E138A signalling in keratinocytes induces TNF-dependent skin and systemic inflammation

    Joan Manils et al.
    Expression of a psoriasis-associated CARD14E138A mutant in keratinocytes induces TNF-dependent localised skin and systemic inflammation independently of the adaptive immune system.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Anti-PD-1 immunotherapy leads to tuberculosis reactivation via dysregulation of TNF-α

    Liku B Tezera et al.
    Immune checkpoint inhibition therapy for cancer paradoxically activates tuberculosis infection, and advanced human cell culture modelling demonstrates excess TNF-α section is the primary driver.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    TRAF2 regulates TNF and NF-κB signalling to suppress apoptosis and skin inflammation independently of Sphingosine kinase 1

    Nima Etemadi et al.
    Intrinsic defects in keratinocytes can cause skin inflammation through excessive cell death and production of inflammatory molecules.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Apoptotic cells can induce non-autonomous apoptosis through the TNF pathway

    Ainhoa Pérez-Garijo et al.
    A common mechanism might regulate the communal death of cells in flies and mammals.
    1. Neuroscience

    Microglia TREM2R47H Alzheimer-linked variant enhances excitatory transmission and reduces LTP via increased TNF-α levels

    Siqiang Ren et al.
    Analysis of rats carrying the microglia gene and Alzheimer risk factor Trem2R47H variant shows increased glutamatergic transmission via supraphysiological TNF-α brain concentrations, linking a microglia pathogenic variant to neuronal dysfunction.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    A conserved major facilitator superfamily member orchestrates a subset of O-glycosylation to aid macrophage tissue invasion

    Katarina Valoskova et al.
    T antigen glycosylation, which marks metastatic cancer cells, is modulated on a small set of proteins by a conserved multipass transmembrane protein to allow tissue invasion by Drosophila macrophages.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Transposase-assisted tagmentation of RNA/DNA hybrid duplexes

    Bo Lu et al.
    Tn5 transposase has direct tagmentation activity towards RNA/DNA hybrids, which is harnessed as a more convenient and faster RNA-seq library construction method and will benefit RNA and chromatin research.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Neuroscience

    Conditional protein tagging methods reveal highly specific subcellular distribution of ion channels in motion-sensing neurons

    Sandra Fendl et al.
    New protein labeling strategies unravel the subcellular distribution of neurotransmitter receptor subunits and voltage-gated ion channels in motion-sensing T4/T5 neurons of the Drosophila visual system.

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