9,361 results found
    1. Ecology
    2. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Accelerated viral dynamics in bat cell lines, with implications for zoonotic emergence

    Cara E Brook et al.
    Bats' uniquely robust innate antiviral immune defenses select for faster transmitting viruses likely to generate extreme virulence upon spillover to secondary hosts with immune systems divergent from those of bat.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Piezo1/2 mediate mechanotransduction essential for bone formation through concerted activation of NFAT-YAP1-ß-catenin

    Taifeng Zhou et al.
    Mechanosensitive channels Piezo1/2 are required for osteoblast differentiation from progenitors by sensing fluid sheer stress and matrix rigidity and regulating NFATc1, YAP1 and ß-catenin activities through Ca2+ stimulated phosphatase calcineurin.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    HIV Tat controls RNA Polymerase II and the epigenetic landscape to transcriptionally reprogram target immune cells

    Jonathan E Reeder et al.
    Tat uses unexpected regulatory mechanisms to reprogram target immune cells to promote viral replication and rewire pathways beneficial for HIV.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Ecological adaptation in Atlantic herring is associated with large shifts in allele frequencies at hundreds of loci

    Fan Han et al.
    Hundreds of loci underlying ecological adaptation to different environmental conditions show striking differences in allele frequencies between ecotypes of Atlantic herring.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Filovirus receptor NPC1 contributes to species-specific patterns of ebolavirus susceptibility in bats

    Melinda Ng et al.
    NPC1 is a genetic determinant of filovirus susceptibility in bats, and some variations in bat NPC1 may reflect host adaptations to reduce filovirus replication and virulence.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Precise let-7 expression levels balance organ regeneration against tumor suppression

    Linwei Wu et al.
    Mouse genetic studies reveal that let-7 performs potent tumor suppressive roles, but at the expense of regeneration and tissue homeostasis in the liver, findings with unanticipated therapeutic implications.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Length regulation of multiple flagella that self-assemble from a shared pool of components

    Thomas G Fai et al.
    In the microbe Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, a disassembly rate which depends on flagellar length provides an effective method to regulate the length of its two flagella.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Biological constraints on GWAS SNPs at suggestive significance thresholds reveal additional BMI loci

    Reza K Hammond et al.
    By integrating GWAS data sets with ATAC-seq and promoter-focused Capture C data, one can uncover further loci beyond those that reach genome-wide significance (p<5x10-8).
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    FAK/PYK2 promotes the Wnt/β-catenin pathway and intestinal tumorigenesis by phosphorylating GSK3β

    Chenxi Gao et al.
    Dual FAK/PYK2 kinase inhibition disrupts GSK3β phosphorylation and may present a new treatment for colorectal cancer in patients carrying APC mutations.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cell Biology

    A near atomic structure of the active human apoptosome

    Tat Cheung Cheng et al.
    A cryo-electron microscopy model of the active human apoptosome illuminates how this "wheel of death" binds the protease procaspase-9 to initiate programmed cell death.

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