eLife publishes research in clinical and translational research, human genetics, cancer, diabetes and developmental disorders. Decisions are made by journal editors who are active researchers in human biology and medicine.
Improved characterisation of human embryonic lung development highlights human-mouse differences and facilitates the development of defined culture conditions for the expansion of self-renewing, multipotent human lung epithelial progenitor cells.
Genetic inactivation of the transcription factor, Zfp423, in visceral white adipocyte precursors leads to the formation of thermogenic adipocytes in visceral fat depots and improves insulin sensitivity in obese mice.
Careful analysis of adverse drug reaction reports reveals noise and biases embedded in this data and allows for systematic mitigation of these effects to produce much more robust understanding of side effects of marketed drugs.
The smoking cessation drug varenicline (Chantix) and other weak base ligands reduce a4b2-type nicotinic receptor (a4b2R) upregulation through slow intracellular release due to selective trapping in acidic vesicles that contain a4b2Rs.
Non-invasive imaging of hippocampal neurodegeneration and structural reorganization during epileptogenesis allows the prediction of disease severity in mesial temporal lobe epilepsy, which may facilitate the early pharmacological intervention before seizure onset.
Mirroring human patients with ARID1B mutations, Arid1b haploinsufficient mice exhibited numerous neuropsychiatric defects and revealed IGF1 deficiency related growth impairment that could be ameliorated with growth hormone supplementation.