Browse our latest Human Biology and Medicine articles

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    1. Human Biology and Medicine

    Germline burden of rare damaging variants negatively affects human healthspan and lifespan

    Anastasia V Shindyapina et al.
    Rare highly damaging mutations that are present in most human genomes decrease lifespan and are associated with an earlier onset of chronic diseases.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Screening of healthcare workers for SARS-CoV-2 highlights the role of asymptomatic carriage in COVID-19 transmission

    Lucy Rivett et al.
    3% of >1,000 asymptomatic healthcare workers in their workplace tested positive for SARS-CoV-2, suggesting that comprehensive screening programmes are vital to prevent acquisition of COVID-19 in hospitals.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Combining magnetoencephalography with magnetic resonance imaging enhances learning of surrogate-biomarkers

    Denis A Engemann et al.
    Predicting age jointly from multimodal brain images and electrophysiology with machine learning enhances detecting health issues and facets of cognitive decline.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Aberrant subchondral osteoblastic metabolism modifies NaV1.8 for osteoarthritis

    Jianxi Zhu et al.
    Osteoblastic PGE2 induces pain and OA progression by NaV1.8 modification and serves as a potential target multiple skeletal pain and degenerations.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine

    Meta-Research: COVID-19 medical papers have fewer women first authors than expected

    Jens Peter Andersen et al.
    Lockdowns in the United States caused by the COVID-19 pandemic appear related to a decrease in the number of women publishing research papers, especially as first authors.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Apolipoprotein L-1 renal risk variants form active channels at the plasma membrane driving cytotoxicity

    Joseph A Giovinazzo et al.
    Cytotoxicity associated with APOL1 renal-risk variants occurs through its plasma-membrane localization, where aberrant channel activity drives a sustained sodium and calcium influx leading to cell swelling and eventually cell death.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Intracellular calcium leak lowers glucose storage in human muscle, promoting hyperglycemia and diabetes

    Eshwar R Tammineni et al.
    Calcium-driven protein changes, causing glycogenolysis, poor synthesis, and diminished content of glycogen, along with diminished glucose transporters, lead to hyperglycemia in patients prone to calcium leaks from intracellular muscle stores.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine

    Meta-Research: A 10-year follow-up study of sex inclusion in the biological sciences

    Nicole C Woitowich et al.
    Sex-inclusive research practices have increased in many biological disciplines over the past decade, yet critical sex-based analyses and reporting have remained stagnant in most of these disciplines.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    A big-data approach to understanding metabolic rate and response to obesity in laboratory mice

    June K Corrigan et al.
    The metabolic rate of mice is disproportionately affected by the site of experimentation, affecting the phenotypic interpretation of genetically modified strains.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Point of View: Bioengineering horizon scan 2020

    Luke Kemp et al.
    20 emerging issues in bioengineering that will have profound impacts on society have been identified.