Browse our latest Human Biology and Medicine articles

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    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Beyond excitation/inhibition imbalance in multidimensional models of neural circuit changes in brain disorders

    Cian O'Donnell et al.
    Computational modeling and analysis of mouse neural population data finds that the excitation/inhibition imbalance theory of brain disorders is too limited to account for key changes in neural activity statistics.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Theta-burst microstimulation in the human entorhinal area improves memory specificity

    Ali S Titiz et al.
    Precisely targeted, low current brain microstimulation is sufficient to enhance human memory.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine

    Cardiovascular adaptation to hypoxia and the role of peripheral resistance

    Andrew S Cowburn et al.
    Radiotelemetric and genetic studies of peripheral tissue response show that a peripheral tissue can dynamically alter cardiovascular adaptation to changes in environmental oxygen.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Tissue Engineering: Building a better blood-brain barrier

    Courtney Lane-Donovan, Joachim Herz
    A new three-dimensional model of the blood-brain barrier can be used to study processes that are involved in neurodegenerative diseases.
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    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Clearance of beta-amyloid is facilitated by apolipoprotein E and circulating high-density lipoproteins in bioengineered human vessels

    Jerome Robert et al.
    Modelling beta-amyloid deposition in bioengineered human vessels represents a notable advance to further investigate the role of the vasculature in Alzheimer's disease.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Human and nonhuman primate meninges harbor lymphatic vessels that can be visualized noninvasively by MRI

    Martina Absinta et al.
    Meningeal lymphatic vessels are present in human and nonhuman primates (common marmoset monkeys) and they can be noninvasively imaged and mapped in vivo with high-resolution, clinical MRI.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Standardized mean differences cause funnel plot distortion in publication bias assessments

    Peter-Paul Zwetsloot et al.
    Funnel plots of the Standardized Mean Difference versus the standard error are prone to distortion, leading to false-positive tests for funnel plot asymmetry, and therefore using the Normalised Mean Difference, or a sample size-based precision estimate, are more reliable alternatives.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Work minimization accounts for footfall phasing in slow quadrupedal gaits

    James R Usherwood, Zoe T Self Davies
    The range of footfall patterns seen in walking amphibians, reptiles and mammals, including hippopotamus, horse and (inverted) sloth, are consistent with simple principles of mechanical work minimization.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Localization of spontaneous bursting neuronal activity in the preterm human brain with simultaneous EEG-fMRI

    Tomoki Arichi et al.
    Direct measure of neural and hemodynamic activity in the developing human brain shows that the insula is a major source of transient bursting events that are critical for cortical maturation.
    1. Genomics and Evolutionary Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Genetic identification of a common collagen disease in Puerto Ricans via identity-by-descent mapping in a health system

    Gillian Morven Belbin et al.
    A health-system embedding method for genomic discovery and clinical characterization of disease highlights the importance of documenting a wider spectrum of genetic disorders in diverse populations.