5,860 results found
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Human airway cells prevent SARS-CoV-2 multibasic cleavage site cell culture adaptation

    Mart M Lamers et al.
    Cell culture adaptation of SARS-CoV-2 is prevented on human airway cells with an active serine protease-mediated entry pathway, allowing the production of genetically stable virus stocks for laboratory experiments.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Club cells form lung adenocarcinomas and maintain the alveoli of adult mice

    Magda Spella et al.
    Airway cells are required for the maintenance of the adult mouse lung and for carcinogen-induced lung adenocarcinoma development, and are thus marked therapeutic targets.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Stochastic homeostasis in human airway epithelium is achieved by neutral competition of basal cell progenitors

    Vitor H Teixeira et al.
    Cell replenishment within the airways is governed by the random division of a population of basal progenitor cells, in a process that is accelerated in smokers.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Jagged and Delta-like ligands control distinct events during airway progenitor cell differentiation

    Maria R Stupnikov et al.
    Notch ligands from the Delta and Jagged families have distinct roles in epithelial progenitor cell fate of extrapulmonary and intrapulmonary airways and differentially restrict expansion of the neuroendocrine microenvironment.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Multipotent versus differentiated cell fate selection in the developing Drosophila airways

    Ryo Matsuda et al.
    A genetic framework that balances the numbers of multipotent precursors and differentiated cells in the developing airways of Drosophila is presented.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Coupling chemosensory array formation and localization

    Alejandra Alvarado et al.
    Formation and cell pole-localization of chemotactic signaling-arrays is a coupled process mediated by ParP, which drives localized array-assembly and regulates the localization-dynamics of its network constituents.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    SARS-CoV-2 entry into human airway organoids is serine protease-mediated and facilitated by the multibasic cleavage site

    Anna Z Mykytyn et al.
    Whereas SARS-CoV-2 utilizes cathepsins to enter most cell lines, human airway organoids revealed that entry into relevant cells is dependent on serine proteases, which can be targeted for treatment.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Chloride channels regulate differentiation and barrier functions of the mammalian airway

    Mu He et al.
    The chloride channel Ano1/Tmem16a plays an essential and non-redundant role in the developing airway by inhibiting mucus cell hyperplasia and promoting proper immune function of the airway mucosal barrier.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Identification of scavenger receptor B1 as the airway microfold cell receptor for Mycobacterium tuberculosis

    Haaris S Khan et al.
    Mycobacterium tuberculosis penetrates the airway mucosa through M cells via the mycobacterial virulence factor EsxA and the host M cell surface receptor scavenger receptor B1.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Enhanced Cas12a multi-gene regulation using a CRISPR array separator

    Jens P Magnusson et al.
    Cas12a CRISPR arrays are sensitive to the GC content of their spacers, but AT-rich separator sequences successfully remove this disruptive effect and enable enhanced multiplexed gene targeting and activation.

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