60 results found
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    NPAS1-ARNT and NPAS3-ARNT crystal structures implicate the bHLH-PAS family as multi-ligand binding transcription factors

    Dalei Wu et al.
    Detailed structural analysis of NPAS1-ARNT and NPAS3-ARNT complexes, and further comparisons with other bHLH-PAS protein structures, show that this family of mammalian transcription factors have distinct ligand-binding pockets within their molecular architectures.
    1. Neuroscience

    Bmal1 function in skeletal muscle regulates sleep

    J Christopher Ehlen et al.
    Expression of transcription factor BMAL1 in skeletal muscle reduces the recovery response to sleep loss and is both necessary and sufficient to regulate total sleep amount.
    1. Neuroscience

    Differential effects of light and feeding on circadian organization of peripheral clocks in a forebrain Bmal1 mutant

    Mariko Izumo et al.
    Conditional deletion of Bmal1 in the forebrain/SCN reveals an essential role of a functional master clock in maintaining synchronized and high amplitude rhythms of peripheral clocks.
    1. Neuroscience

    Sleep: It's not all in the brain

    Lauren J Francey, John B Hogenesch
    A clock gene expressed in skeletal muscle plays a bigger role in regulating sleep than it does in the brain.
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    1. Neuroscience

    Language: I see what you are saying

    Gregory B Cogan
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    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Enzyme Mechanisms: Wedging open a catalytic site

    Annie Beuve
    The activation mechanism of the nitric oxide receptor has been revealed by cryo-electron microscopy.
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    1. Neuroscience

    Surface color and predictability determine contextual modulation of V1 firing and gamma oscillations

    Alina Peter et al.
    Colored surfaces induce strong gamma-synchronization yet sparse firing in V1 when receptive field inputs are predicted from the surrounding spatial context.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    The last common ancestor of animals lacked the HIF pathway and respired in low-oxygen environments

    Daniel B Mills et al.
    Sponges and ctenophores lack hypoxia-inducible factors, suggesting that the metazoan last common ancestor could have lived aerobically under severe hypoxia and did not need to regulate its transcription in response to oxygen availability.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Homeostatic control of cell wall hydrolysis by the WalRK two-component signaling pathway in Bacillus subtilis

    Genevieve S Dobihal et al.
    Molecular genetic analyses define the first homeostatic control pathway that maintains cell wall remodeling activity during bacterial growth.
    1. Neuroscience

    Differential contributions of the two human cerebral hemispheres to action timing

    Anja Pflug et al.
    Brain imaging reveals frequency-dependent lateralized rhythmic finger tapping control by the auditory cortex with left-lateralized control of relative fast and right-lateralized control of relative slow rhythms.

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