Detailed structural analysis of NPAS1-ARNT and NPAS3-ARNT complexes, and further comparisons with other bHLH-PAS protein structures, show that this family of mammalian transcription factors have distinct ligand-binding pockets within their molecular architectures.
Upon host cell contact, motile but not non-motile Pseudomonas aeruginosa exhibit a change in their gene expression program that includes the expression of spermidine, which triggers motility-dependent phagocytosis.
Changes to sensory predictions are encoded by beta oscillations, surprise due to prediction violations by gamma oscillations, and alpha oscillations may have a role in controlling the precision of predictions.
Cryo-EM structure of monomeric human Frizzled5 was determined with a universal fiducial antibody at 3.7 Å overall resolution, which supports a simple Fzd/LRP6 heterodimerization mechanism of canonical Wnt/β-catenin signaling.
The interplay between the transcriptional co-regulators YAP1/TAZ and the hypoxia-controlled transcription factor HIF1α differentially regulates endothelial cell behavior in the hypoxic environment of bone compared to other organs.