July 2020

Jaime Olivares: https://www.facebook.com/Jaime.Olivares.artiste/

Research articles

    1. Neuroscience

    Keratinocytes contribute to normal cold and heat sensation

    Katelyn E Sadler et al.
    Purinergic keratinocyte-to-sensory neuron signaling is a ubiquitous amplification mechanism that is required for normal mechanical, cold, and heat sensation in vivo.
    1. Ecology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Revealing the structure of information flows discriminates similar animal social behaviors

    Gabriele Valentini et al.
    Information theory reveals that apparently similar signaling behaviors in ants and termites are instead governed by distinct communication protocols explaining their underlying different functions.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Apoptotic neurodegeneration in whitefly promotes the spread of TYLCV

    Shifan Wang et al.
    A plant virus, Tomato yellow leaf curl virus, manipulates the host preference of the vector insect whitefly to promote its transmission by inducing caspase-dependent apoptotic neurodegeneration in vector's brain.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine

    Long non-coding RNAs in regulation of adipogenesis and adipose tissue function

    Tiziana Squillaro et al.
    An update on the role of lncRNAs in adipogenesis and adipose tissue function, aimed at promoting the identification of new drug targets for obesity and metabolic diseases.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine

    Neuropathogenesis of SARS-CoV-2 infection

    Shumayila Khan, James Gomes
    Clinical data of SARS-CoV-2 patients presenting atypical symptoms must be recorded systematically to support continuing research investigating neurological complications associated with COVID-19.
    1. Neuroscience

    The cytokine GDF15 signals through a population of brainstem cholecystokinin neurons to mediate anorectic signalling

    Amy A Worth et al.
    The GDF15 receptor, GFRAL,is expressed on a unique population of brainstem CCK neurons and mediates pathophysiological anorexia.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Identifying prostate cancer and its clinical risk in asymptomatic men using machine learning of high dimensional peripheral blood flow cytometric natural killer cell subset phenotyping data

    Simon P Hood et al.
    Diagnosing the presence and clinical significance of prostate cancer can be achieved using AI-based analysis of peripheral blood natural killer (NK) cell subset profiles.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Ovariectomy uncouples lifespan from metabolic health and reveals a sex-hormone-dependent role of hepatic mTORC2 in aging

    Sebastian I Arriola Apelo et al.
    Metabolic health and longevity can be separated by ovariectomy, which also protects female mice lacking hepatic mTORC2 from midlife mortality.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    The effect of climate change on yellow fever disease burden in Africa

    Katy AM Gaythorpe et al.
    Analysis of yellow fever burden in Africa illustrates the need to consider the effect of a changing climactic conditions when planning future intervention strategies.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Regulation of BMP4/Dpp retrotranslocation and signaling by deglycosylation

    Antonio Galeone et al.
    The cytoplasmic enzyme N-glycanase 1 plays an evolutionary conserved role in promoting the ERAD-mediated retrotranslocation of misfolded Dpp/BMP4 from the ER, thereby allowing BMP signaling in specific contexts.
    1. Neuroscience

    An electrophysiological marker of arousal level in humans

    Janna D Lendner et al.
    Non-oscillatory brain activity can be used to monitor arousal levels during both NREM and REM sleep as well as under general anesthesia with propofol.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Deciphering the neural signature of human cardiovascular regulation

    Jorge Manuel et al.
    At least three hypothalamic subsystems are involved in cardiovascular regulation in humans.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    A sensorimotor model shows why a spectral jamming avoidance response does not help bats deal with jamming

    Omer Mazar, Yossi Yovel
    An elaborated bat-predator model shows that even in high bat-densities, bats can successfully catch flying insects and that changing their signals’ frequency is not necessary for dealing with sensory interference.
    1. Ecology

    Climate change and intensive land use reduce soil animal biomass via dissimilar pathways

    Rui Yin et al.
    Climate change and land-use intensification have negative but largely independent effects on soil animal biomass.
    1. Neuroscience

    Obesity causes selective and long-lasting desensitization of AgRP neurons to dietary fat

    Lisa R Beutler et al.
    Neurons that promote hunger become desensitized to dietary fat in obesity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Shared and specific signatures of locomotor ataxia in mutant mice

    Ana S Machado et al.
    LocoMouse analysis of severely ataxic reeler mutant mice reveals fundamental features of locomotor ataxia and provides a roadmap for linking high-dimensional behavioral phenotyping to alterations in underlying neural circuits.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Interrogating the recognition landscape of a conserved HIV-specific TCR reveals distinct bacterial peptide cross-reactivity

    Juan L Mendoza et al.
    Potential for specific microbiome-directed, MHC-restricted shaping of a commonly selected HIV-specific CD8+ T cell population was suggested by MHC class I yeast display-based peptide screening approaches.
    1. Neuroscience

    Microglial calcium signaling is attuned to neuronal activity in awake mice

    Anthony D Umpierre et al.
    Microglial processes engage calcium signaling in response to hyper- or hypo-active shifts in neuronal activity.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Dissecting transcriptional amplification by MYC

    Zuqin Nie et al.
    Synthetic biology experiments show that MYC is a general transcription amplifier acting at two or more sites in the transcription-cycle and that MYC-turnover contributes to its activity.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    A quantitative modelling approach to zebrafish pigment pattern formation

    Jennifer P Owen et al.
    A mathematical modelling approach to understanding zebrafish stripe pattern formation exemplifies a biological rule-set sufficient to generate wild-type and a diverse range of mutant patterns.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Intrinsic control of muscle attachment sites matching

    Alexandre Carayon et al.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Periodic propagating waves coordinate RhoGTPase network dynamics at the leading and trailing edges during cell migration

    Alfonso Bolado-Carrancio et al.
    Different RhoA and Rac1 dynamics at the cell front and rear are coordinated through periodic GTPase waves, which define the minimal autonomous biochemical machinery necessary and sufficient for cell migration.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Transposase-assisted tagmentation of RNA/DNA hybrid duplexes

    Bo Lu et al.
    Tn5 transposase has direct tagmentation activity towards RNA/DNA hybrids, which is harnessed as a more convenient and faster RNA-seq library construction method and will benefit RNA and chromatin research.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Chronic ethanol consumption compromises neutrophil function in acute pulmonary Aspergillus fumigatus infection

    Nathalia Luisa Sousa de Oliveira Malacco et al.
    Cell biology analysis demonstrated for the first time the effect of chronic ethanol consumption in neutrophil impaired migration by CXCR2 downregulation and neutrophil function during acute Aspergillus fumigatus infection.
    1. Neuroscience

    Private–public mappings in human prefrontal cortex

    Dan Bang et al.
    A distinction between private and public aspects of mental states is reflected in a medial-lateral division of human prefrontal cortex.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Altered expression of a quality control protease in E. coli reshapes the in vivo mutational landscape of a model enzyme

    Samuel Thompson et al.
    Changes to cellular protein homeostasis reveal widespread advantageous effects of destabilizing mutations, opening the possibility to switch mutational landscapes back-and-forth from permissive to restrictive.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Antagonistic control of DDK binding to licensed replication origins by Mcm2 and Rad53

    Syafiq Abd Wahab, Dirk Remus
    The mechanism of Dbf4-dependent kinase (DDK) recruitment to replication origins and its regulation by the checkpoint have been identified.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Electron tomography visualization of HIV-1 fusion with target cells using fusion inhibitors to trap the pre-hairpin intermediate

    Mark S Ladinsky et al.
    Visualization of HIV-1 fusion by trapping the prehairpin intermediate.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Genetic and environmental determinants of variation in the plasma lipidome of older Australian twins

    Matthew WK Wong et al.
    A minor subset of plasma lipids are heritable, and this is associated with gene expression of transcripts related to roles beyond lipid metabolism, including immune function and cell signalling.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Host sirtuin 2 as an immunotherapeutic target against tuberculosis

    Ashima Bhaskar et al.
    The inhibition of host Sirtuin-2 by AGK2 restricts mycobacterial growth in vivo by modulation of host transcriptome leading to activation of protective immune responses.
    1. Neuroscience

    α-synuclein strains that cause distinct pathologies differentially inhibit proteasome

    Genjiro Suzuki et al.
    One α-synuclein strain inhibited proteasome activity and induced apparent pathologies, while the other did not, indicating a strain-dependent toxicity of α-synuclein aggregates, which support a prion-like behavior of α-synuclein.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Inhibition of post-termination ribosome recycling at premature termination codons in UPF1 ATPase mutants

    Lucas D Serdar et al.
    Nucleotide resolution mapping of ribosome-bound RNA decay fragments in yeast cells expressing ATPase-deficient UPF1 reveals 3' UTR bound ribosomes and a role for UPF1 in post-termination ribosome recycling.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Studying the biology of cytotoxic T lymphocytes in vivo with a fluorescent granzyme B-mTFP knock-in mouse

    Praneeth Chitirala et al.
    A new knock-in mouse endogenously labels cytotoxic granules and can be used with all modern super-resolution imaging techniques to study T cell function in vitro and in vivo.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Controlling protein function by fine-tuning conformational flexibility

    Sonja Schmid, Thorsten Hugel
    Specific and non-specific conformational confinement, via point mutation or cochaperone interaction or macro-molecular crowding, stimulates protein function in Hsp90 by reducing non-productive conformational flexibility.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    High glucose levels increase influenza-associated damage to the pulmonary epithelial-endothelial barrier

    Katina D Hulme et al.
    Hyperglycaemia increases influenza severity by damaging the pulmonary epithelial-endothelial barrier and increasing pulmonary oedema during Influenza A virus infection.
    1. Neuroscience

    Phylogenetic variation in cortical layer II immature neuron reservoir of mammals

    Chiara La Rosa et al.
    The higher amount of cortical immature neurons in brains with expanded neocortices may represent a reservoir of young cells for mammals with reduced neurogenesis.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Emergence and diversification of a host-parasite RNA ecosystem through Darwinian evolution

    Taro Furubayashi et al.
    In an in vitro RNA replication system, an RNA spontaneously diversifies and continuously evolves through coevolution with parasitic entities.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Sensory restoration by epidural stimulation of the lateral spinal cord in upper-limb amputees

    Santosh Chandrasekaran et al.
    Cervical spinal cord stimulation evokes sensory percepts in the missing hand and arm of people with upper-limb amputation, regardless of amputation level or time post-amputation.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Changes in ferrous iron and glutathione promote ferroptosis and frailty in aging Caenorhabditis elegans

    Nicole L Jenkins et al.
    As worms age reduced glutathione together with increased ferrous iron increases frailty and leads to ferroptosis, which is amenable to therapeutic intervention.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Molecular determinants of large cargo transport into the nucleus

    Giulia Paci et al.
    Efficient nuclear transport of very large biomolecules, relevant for viral transport, scales non-linearly with size and its kinetics can be explained by a simple two-parameter energetic model.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Tracking cells in epithelial acini by light sheet microscopy reveals proximity effects in breast cancer initiation

    Ashna Alladin et al.
    The presented primary epithelial acinus-based platform for studying interactions between normal and malignant cells will enable in depth analysis of the tumor initiation process on a molecular level.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    New insights into the mechanism of dynein motor regulation by lissencephaly-1

    Steven M Markus et al.
    The role of LIS1 in dynein-mediated transport in various biological contexts is reviewed with a focus on recent studies that revealed a new mechanism by which LIS1 functions.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    A taxonomy of seizure dynamotypes

    Maria Luisa Saggio et al.
    Taxonomy of seizure dynamics (TSD) provides a rigorous method for classifying and quantifying seizures and a principled framework for understanding seizure initiation and propagation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Three-dimensional synaptic organization of the human hippocampal CA1 field

    Marta Montero-Crespo et al.
    Volume electron microscopy reveals the synaptic organization of the neuropil of the human hippocampal CA1 field.
    1. Neuroscience

    Alterations in the intrinsic properties of striatal cholinergic interneurons after dopamine lesion and chronic L-DOPA

    Se Joon Choi et al.
    HCN and SK channel currents in striatal cholinergic neurons are decreased with dopamine loss, but only HCN is restored by chronic L-DOPA and SK abnormality persists in dyskinesia.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Human DECR1 is an androgen-repressed survival factor that regulates PUFA oxidation to protect prostate tumor cells from ferroptosis

    Zeyad D Nassar et al.
    DECR1, a rate-limiting enzyme for polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) β-oxidation, is an androgen-repressed gene in prostate cancer cells that limits oxidative stress to promote cancer cell survival.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Expandable and reversible copy number amplification drives rapid adaptation to antifungal drugs

    Robert T Todd, Anna Selmecki
    Novel segmental chromosome amplifications in Candida albicans provide rapid adaptation to the most widely used antifungal drugs.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    IL18 signaling promotes homing of mature Tregs into the thymus

    Cristina Peligero-Cruz et al.
    IL18R+ Tregs constitute a mature thymus-resident population, resistant to thymus involution and endowed with higher capacity to populate the thymus compared to their IL18R or IL18R deficient counterparts.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neural dynamics of perceptual inference and its reversal during imagery

    Nadine Dijkstra et al.
    Perceptual feedforward information flow is reversed during mental imagery and later stages of perception.
    1. Neuroscience

    Persistent firing in LEC III neurons is differentially modulated by learning and aging

    Carmen Lin et al.
    Temporal associative learning enhances persistent firing in lateral entorhinal cortex (LEC) layer III neurons, while aging decreases persistent firing, leading to cognitive impairments.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    S-phase-independent silencing establishment in Saccharomyces cerevisiae

    Davis Goodnight, Jasper Rine
    Cell-cycle progression is crucial for heterochromatin formation in budding yeast because S phase promotes the removal of active chromatin marks.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Protective role of neuronal and lymphoid cannabinoid CB2 receptors in neuropathic pain

    David Cabañero et al.
    Operant drug self-administration in a mouse model of neuropathic pain reveals pain-relieving effects of a cannabinoid CB2 receptor agonist that are mediated through CB2 receptors of neurons and lymphocytes.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Stochastic logistic models reproduce experimental time series of microbial communities

    Lana Descheemaeker, Sophie de Buyl
    Properties of various microbial communities time series, such as the noise color and neutrality, are captured by stochastic generalized Lotka-Volterra equations, even in the absence of interactions.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A single point mutation in the Plasmodium falciparum FtsH1 metalloprotease confers actinonin resistance

    Christopher D Goodman et al.
    Actinonin kills malaria parasites by targeting the apicoplast-associated metalloprotease FTSH1.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Trait-associated noncoding variant regions affect TBX3 regulation and cardiac conduction

    Jan Hendrik van Weerd et al.
    Multiple variant transcriptional regulatory elements in >1 megabasepairs of noncoding DNA close to TBX3 affect gene expression and atrioventricular conduction system function in vivo.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Drosophila seminal sex peptide associates with rival as well as own sperm, providing SP function in polyandrous females

    Snigdha Misra, Mariana F Wolfner
    A seminal protein from a mating-male can bind sperm previously stored in his mate, providing direct benefits to the sperm from the prior male that mated with her.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Three-dimensional growth of breast cancer cells potentiates the anti-tumor effects of unacylated ghrelin and AZP-531

    CheukMan C Au et al.
    3D culture of breast cancer in biologically relevant ECM potentiates the growth-inhibitory effects of unacylated ghrelin and AZP-531, and clinical response may be predictable based on a MAPK gene signature.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Flotillin-mediated membrane fluidity controls peptidoglycan synthesis and MreB movement

    Aleksandra Zielińska et al.
    Correct cell wall synthesis in bacteria depends on flotillin-mediated membrane fluidity.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Proteome-wide analysis of a malaria vaccine study reveals personalized humoral immune profiles in Tanzanian adults

    Flavia Camponovo et al.
    Malaria pre-exposed volunteers exhibit large breadth of humoral immune responses, with strong variation between individuals, which might compromise vaccine-induced humoral immune response due to natural imprinting.
    1. Neuroscience

    Sleep is bi-directionally modified by amyloid beta oligomers

    Güliz Gürel Özcan et al.
    Amyloid beta, the major component of plaques in Alzheimer's disease, acutely and reversibly signals to modulate sleep as a function of oligomeric length, independently of neuronal loss.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Risk of psychiatric disorders among the surviving twins after a co-twin loss

    Huan Song et al.
    A population-based analysis demonstrates that surviving twins who lose their co-twins by death are at considerably elevated risks of developing psychiatric disorders.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Peroxiredoxin promotes longevity and H2O2-resistance in yeast through redox-modulation of protein kinase A

    Friederike Roger et al.
    The major cytosolic yeast peroxiredoxin Tsa1 controls aging and H2O2-resistance by inhibiting protein kinase A through a conserved cysteine in the catalytic subunit activation loop and not by scavenging H2O2.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Stable task information from an unstable neural population

    Michael E Rule et al.
    Analysis and modelling of sensorimotor neural activity shows how ongoing plasticity and appropriately tuned weights can cope with substantial ongoing changes in the neural code.
    1. Neuroscience

    Recurrent circuitry is required to stabilize piriform cortex odor representations across brain states

    Kevin A Bolding et al.
    Intracortical circuits in mouse olfactory cortex stabilize odor-evoked activity patterns when upstream inputs, from olfactory bulb, become degraded under anesthesia.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Does the human placenta express the canonical cell entry mediators for SARS-CoV-2?

    Roger Pique-Regi et al.
    The human placenta negligibly co-expresses the transcripts encoding the canonical cell-entry mediators for SARS-CoV-2, which explains why mothers with COVID-19 rarely transmit the virus to the fetus.
    1. Cell Biology

    Assigning mitochondrial localization of dual localized proteins using a yeast Bi-Genomic Mitochondrial-Split-GFP

    Gaétan Bader et al.
    The Bi-Genomic Mitochondrial-Split-GFP, where both fragments of the Split-GFP are expressed by separated translation machineries, shuts off cytosolic fluorescence of dual-localized proteins, allowing visualization of their mitochondrial echoforms.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Growth cone-localized microtubule organizing center establishes microtubule orientation in dendrites

    Xing Liang et al.
    In Caenorhabditis elegans, dendrites establish their unique microtubule polarity by localizing an organizing center behind the growing tip.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Microtubules originate asymmetrically at the somatic golgi and are guided via Kinesin2 to maintain polarity within neurons

    Amrita Mukherjee et al.
    The somatic Golgi acts as an asymmetric MTOC within Drosophila neurons, and this, together with the action Kinesin-2, helps maintain minus-end-out microtubule polarity with proximal dendrites.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Umbilical cord blood-derived ILC1-like cells constitute a novel precursor for mature KIR+NKG2A- NK cells

    Sabrina Bianca Bennstein et al.
    Neonatal ILC1-like cells are functionally immature but have the unique potential to generate NK cells characterized by downregulation of NKG2A and a highly diverse KIR receptor repertoire.
    1. Neuroscience

    Sleep spindles mediate hippocampal-neocortical coupling during long-duration ripples

    Hong-Viet Ngo et al.
    Triggered by (long-duration) hippocampal ripples, spindles facilitate communication between the hipppocampus and neocortex during natural sleep.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Cancer systems immunology

    Nathan E Reticker-Flynn, Edgar G Engleman
    Cancer systems immunology is a highly interdisciplinary field that is advancing our ability to understand and predict the complex behavior that orchestrates the interplay between tumors and the immune system.
    1. Cell Biology

    Ribosome collisions trigger cis-acting feedback inhibition of translation initiation

    Szymon Juszkiewicz et al.
    Ribosome collisions along an mRNA are shown to recruit factors that prevent additional ribosomes from initiating translation on that mRNA, thereby providing time to resolve the collision.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Phosphoinositides regulate force-independent interactions between talin, vinculin, and actin

    Charlotte F Kelley et al.
    In vitro reconstitution of the core focal adhesion proteins talin and vinculin with actin reveals lipid-dependent release of autoinhibition.
    1. Neuroscience

    Alzheimer’s disease risk gene BIN1 induces Tau-dependent network hyperexcitability

    Yuliya Voskobiynyk et al.
    BIN1 forms a complex with Tau and voltage-gated calcium channels in neurons, and higher BIN1 levels promote neuronal activity, calcium influx, and bursting that is blocked by reducing Tau.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine

    Late-life restoration of mitochondrial function reverses cardiac dysfunction in old mice

    Ying Ann Chiao et al.
    Mitochondrial-targeted SS-31 peptide ameliorates mitochondrial dysfunction and rescues pre-existing cardiac dysfunction in old mice, supporting the translational potential of mitochondrial protective interventions to treat age-related diseases.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Evolutionarily distant I domains can functionally replace the essential ligand-binding domain of Plasmodium TRAP

    Dennis Klug et al.
    Exchange of the I domain in the Plasmodium surface protein TRAP against evolutionary distant I domains rescues infectivity of sporozoites.
    1. Cell Biology

    Miga-mediated endoplasmic reticulum–mitochondria contact sites regulate neuronal homeostasis

    Lingna Xu et al.
    Increasing endoplasmic reticulum (ER)–mitochondria contact sites leads to neurodegeneration.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Real-time in vivo imaging of extracellular ATP in the brain with a hybrid-type fluorescent sensor

    Nami Kitajima et al.
    Hybrid-type fluorescent ATP sensor showing submicromolar affinity, a large fluorescence response, high selectivity and pH-independence visualized extracellular ATP dynamics in the brain of living mice with high spatiotemporal resolution.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Dissecting cell-type-specific metabolism in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma

    Allison N Lau et al.
    Isotope tracing into macromolecules enables functional analysis of metabolism in specific cell populations in tumors and provides insight into metabolic differences between cancer and stromal cells in their endogenous microenvironment.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    An adipokine feedback regulating diurnal food intake rhythms in mice

    Anthony H Tsang et al.
    Adiponectin signaling integrates metabolic state information to regulate circadian clock function in hypothalamic appetite regulating centers, food intake rhythms, and body weight.
    1. Neuroscience

    Different dendritic domains of the GnRH neuron underlie the pulse and surge modes of GnRH secretion in female mice

    Li Wang et al.
    Electrical activity at the gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) neuron cell body and proximal dendrites is not required for the pulsatile secretion of GnRH that controls fertility.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    A high-throughput small molecule screen identifies farrerol as a potentiator of CRISPR/Cas9-mediated genome editing

    Weina Zhang et al.
    Farrerol promotes the efficiency of CRISPR/Cas9-mediated genome editing in both cells and embryos.
    1. Neuroscience

    Infant and adult SCA13 mutations differentially affect Purkinje cell excitability, maturation, and viability in vivo

    Jui-Yi Hsieh et al.
    Electrophysiological analysis and imaging in live zebrafish reveal that infant- and adult-onset SCA13 mutations have distinct effects on the electrical activity, development, and survival of cerebellar Purkinje cells.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Cell lineage-dependent chiral actomyosin flows drive cellular rearrangements in early Caenorhabditis elegans development

    Lokesh G Pimpale et al.
    Developmentally controlled chiral counter-rotating actomyosin flows drive cell-lineage spindle skews and cell rearrangements during cytokinesis in early nematode development.
    1. Neuroscience

    Gradients in the biophysical properties of neonatal auditory neurons align with synaptic contact position and the intensity coding map of inner hair cells

    Alexander L Markowitz, Radha Kalluri
    The biophysical diversity that is intrinsic to spiral ganglion neurons emerges as spatial gradients during early post-natal development and endures through subsequent maturation to likely contribute to sound intensity coding.
    1. Neuroscience

    Learning-related population dynamics in the auditory thalamus

    Ariel Gilad et al.
    The auditory thalamus encodes higher-order information that emerges while learning an auditory discrimination task.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Resident macrophages acquire innate immune memory in staphylococcal skin infection

    Reinhild Feuerstein et al.
    Resident dermal Mφ are programmed locally, independently of bone-marrow monocytes during Staphylococcus aureus infection, leading to transiently increased resistance, which is limited by a decrease in macrophage life span.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Mechanical inhibition of isolated Vo from V/A-ATPase for proton conductance

    Jun-ichi Kishikawa et al.
    Cryo-EM structures of rotary V-ATPase reveal the ON-OFF switching mechanism of H+ translocation in the Vo membrane domain.
    1. Cell Biology

    Super-resolution microscopy reveals majorly mono- and dimeric presenilin1/γ-secretase at the cell surface

    Abril Angélica Escamilla-Ayala et al.
    Super-resolution microscopy sets a new strategy to comprehend the membrane organization of γ-secretase at single complex resolution identifying nanodomain associations and its diffusion in situ in the living membrane.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Trends in snakebite deaths in India from 2000 to 2019 in a nationally representative mortality study

    Wilson Suraweera et al.
    Prevention and antivenom treatment could reduce snakebite deaths, which killed 1.2 million Indians from 2000-2019, about 70% of which occurred in eight states, and half during four rainy months.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Earliest infections predict the age distribution of seasonal influenza A cases

    Philip Arevalo et al.
    First influenza infections determine susceptibility to future seasonal influenza infection throughout life, and may impact vaccine effectiveness.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Muscle-derived Myoglianin regulates Drosophila imaginal disc growth

    Ambuj Upadhyay et al.
    A Drosophila myostatin-like factor provides an extrinsic signal produced by muscles that regulates Drosophila appendage development.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Augmented curation of clinical notes from a massive EHR system reveals symptoms of impending COVID-19 diagnosis

    Tyler Wagner et al.
    Applying deep learning technology for the large-scale curation of symptoms from unstructured EHR clinical notes accurately predicts the differential signals of COVID-19 diagnosis over the week preceding typical PCR testing.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Clustered gamma-protocadherins regulate cortical interneuron programmed cell death

    Walter R Mancia Leon et al.
    Pcdhg determine survival of the GABAergic cortical interneuron population that is necessary to establish and maintain proper excitatory to inhibitory balance in the cerebral cortex.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Tumor control via targeting PD-L1 with chimeric antigen receptor modified NK cells

    Yvette Robbins et al.
    Human NK cells engineered to express a PD-L1 chimeric antigen receptor can control murine and human tumors and reduce myeloid cells expressing high levels of PD-L1.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    A mechanistic model and therapeutic interventions for COVID-19 involving a RAS-mediated bradykinin storm

    Michael R Garvin et al.
    Gene expression analysis reveals a novel, integrated molecular mechanism for much of the pathogenesis of COVID-19 that provides therapeutic intervention points that can be addressed with existing approved pharmaceuticals.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Dopamine role in learning and action inference

    Rafal Bogacz
    A mathematical model describes the function of dopaminergic neurons in both learning and action planning.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Extrinsic activin signaling cooperates with an intrinsic temporal program to increase mushroom body neuronal diversity

    Anthony M Rossi, Claude Desplan
    The activin ligand myoglianin acts as a temporal extrinsic cue to regulate the intrinsic temporal factor Imp in mushroom body neuroblasts, increasing neuronal diversity by specifying the α’β’ fate.
    1. Cancer Biology

    PTEN and DNA-PK determine sensitivity and recovery in response to WEE1 inhibition in human breast cancer

    Andrä Brunner et al.
    DNA-PK and PTEN protect breast cancer cells from lethal replication stress induced by the WEE1 inhibitor AZD1775 and constitute new potential biomarkers for AZD1775 sensitivity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Consistent patterns of distractor effects during decision making

    Bolton KH Chau et al.
    The value of any choice is not static but dynamically changes as a function of the context of the alternatives even if they are seemingly irrelevant.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Movement initiation and grasp representation in premotor and primary motor cortex mirror neurons

    Steven Jack Jerjian et al.
    Mirror neurons, including corticospinal neurons, in primary motor cortex of macaque monkeys, clearly dissociate between execution and observation of grasping actions while ventral premotor cortex (F5) maintains a similar representation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Stable and dynamic representations of value in the prefrontal cortex

    Pierre Enel et al.
    The prefrontal cortex encodes both stable and dynamic representations of expected value, providing mechanisms to support robust as well as flexible access to value information during temporal delays.
    1. Neuroscience

    Temporal selectivity declines in the aging human auditory cortex

    Julia Erb et al.
    The aged human auditory cortex shows preserved tonotopy, but temporal modulations are represented with a markedly broader tuning, highlighting decreased temporal selectivity as a hallmark of the aging auditory cortex.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Profiling of myristoylation in Toxoplasma gondii reveals an N-myristoylated protein important for host cell penetration

    Malgorzata Broncel et al.
    Myristoylation of a secreted protein, identified in a global myristoylation analysis of the eukaryotic parasite Toxoplasma gondii, is important for host cell invasion.
    1. Neuroscience

    Vestigial auriculomotor activity indicates the direction of auditory attention in humans

    Daniel J Strauss et al.
    Recordings of ear muscles in humans show that ears attempt to pivot in the direction that requires attention.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Interaction mapping of endoplasmic reticulum ubiquitin ligases identifies modulators of innate immune signalling

    Emma J Fenech et al.
    Interaction mapping of ubiquitin ligase complexes embedded in the endoplasmic reticulum membrane has identified interactors of RNF26 that influence innate immune signalling.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cortical ChAT+ neurons co-transmit acetylcholine and GABA in a target- and brain-region-specific manner

    Adam J Granger et al.
    Most ChAT-expressing interneurons are a subset VIP+ interneurons that differentially release GABA and acetylcholine onto different post-synaptic targets, while a separate population of non-VIP ChAT+ neurons release acetylcholine in mPFC.
    1. Neuroscience

    Global sleep homeostasis reflects temporally and spatially integrated local cortical neuronal activity

    Christopher W Thomas et al.
    The global sleep homeostatic process tracks sleep-wake history by integrating local cortical neuronal activity over time and space, rather than directly reflecting changes in specific homeostatically regulated physiological variables.
    1. Neuroscience

    Receptor-driven, multimodal mapping of cortical areas in the macaque monkey intraparietal sulcus

    Meiqi Niu et al.
    The macaque monkey intraparietal sulcus encompasses 17 cyto- and receptorarchitectonically distinct areas, which can be grouped into three clusters based on (dis)similarities of their molecular structure.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Evolution of a plant gene cluster in Solanaceae and emergence of metabolic diversity

    Pengxiang Fan et al.
    A nightshade family gene cluster creates phenotypic novelty in trichome defensive metabolites via evolution of lipid metabolic enzymes.
    1. Neuroscience

    Homeostatic plasticity fails at the intersection of autism-gene mutations and a novel class of common genetic modifiers

    Özgür Genç et al.
    Forward genetic screens define a novel genetic landscape by which diverse, unrelated autism risk genes may converge to commonly affect the robustness of synaptic transmission.